Information Systems are defined as comprising of data, people, processes and the information technology designed to support their management. In today's knowledge economy, Information Systems form a critical component of an organization's infrastructure and support all activities of an organization's value chain including but not limited to human resources, supply chain, operations, marketing and sales.
In addition, Information Systems are a key component of an organizations strategy for gaining competitive advantage and increased productivity through the deployment of Enterprise Information Management Systems as well as specialized Information Systems such as Decision Support Systems, Knowledge Management Systems, E-Business Systems, and Customer Relationship Management Systems etc.
The Information Systems discipline, also known as Management Information Systems (MIS), includes the study of business needs and business problems, as well as an understanding of the software development process consisting of systems analysis, system design and development activities that are used to address the business problem.
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